Access to the castle is by the rise of the farm, from which we come to the farmyard. A bridge cross the gap while passing on a big pile of masonry. The first part was a fixed bridge or "sleeping", the second a drawbridge operated from the castle.
This small castle built in the late fourteenth century on the model of the castle of Saumur was a big massive cube pierced with loopholes. It was dismantled in 1500.
It can be reached also by the staircase, steep and narrow, which connected the fortress to the parish church. Click to enlarge
At the southern end of the bridge east, a corner tower, the tower Sainte Manoulde, abbreviation of the name of the parish church of St. Menehould. His coronation is contemporary with the house south to 1500, and the upper deck was constructed on the terrace during the restoration in the 19th century.
Behind the gatehouse, is the home that serves gatehouse is flanked by the side of the courtyard of a polygonal tower. The porch across the building to provide access to the courtyard. In this building, accessible through the door of the turret, is the chapel. This, rectangular, illuminated by a window facing east. The four walls and the jambs of windows and the vaulting compartments are covered with murals remarkable account of the life of the Virgin. On the vault, the angels are the instruments of the Passion.
The work is undated but can be attributed to a time close to 1630 thanks to the similarity of the invoice with the painting of the tower dated 1634.
Graffiti from 1511 mentions the birth of the son of Charles de Tranchelion.
A small building connects the lower house of the tower St. Manoulde. This partly demolished in the 18th century and rebuilt in the 19th century contains offices and kitchens. Before cooking is essential to the well housework. Very deep, it has openings in its duct, which provides access to a cellar under the house extending south.
To the south, above the village, is the main building built in 1500 on the foundations of the fortress was rebuilt a century earlier. The caves, carved into the rock, are vaulted. We see access to the wells and the start of an underground tunnel that goes down by sinking in the thickness of tufa.
The south building has two levels:
- On the side of the court, a polygonal tower with a great flaming door moldings laden with fruit, leaves, animals with ogee arch is flanked by pinnacles and crowned with a finial.
- From the village side, a gallery of defense cantilevered overhung the wall once it was removed.
The south building has two levels:
In advanced on the southern front was a large terrace, platform above a heavy stone cubic building which incorporates the powerful limestone plateau. This building was once the prison of the Lordship where convicts were locked up by the High Justice Palluau. This terrace which communicates through a passage with the inner courtyard collapsed in December 1992.
The Donjon, big south-west tower, said tower Philippe Auguste in memory of the storming of the castle by the King of France in 1188, built around 1399. Originally released completely from the other buildings, the keep, large cylindrical tower with three levels hourd original has been replaced in the 19th century by a single bodyguard.
By 1500, when the house is built by Charles deTranchelion, the military role of the tower loses its balance. The large building is supported on the cage of the staircase and doors are pierced. In the 17th century Anne Phélypeaux is decorated with murals of the firm ground floor, one can see the artist's signature. The mine pierced during the Terror was used as a dungeon. Most of the names carved in stone are still likely to Palluau, Lagrange, Lambert, Moreau.
Between 1624 and 1633, Anne Phélypeaux undertook to rehabilitate the northern front of the castle which looks at the park, according to the achievements of the famous architect of the time, ANDROUET THE HOOP. Today, there are on this side north entrance by the park rebuilt in the 19th century by Marie de Bruno Velarde, and the pavilion with its north-east tower. This was once a prison for captives that we wanted to keep secret.
Castle Palluau offers a beautiful architectural variety. At once a medieval fortress (Eastern Front, and turn Sainte Manoulde dungeon) and a Renaissance residence (home of the East and South) which shine the most famous names in history.