The family DE BUADE DE FRONTENAC AT PALLUAU
The family de Buade de Frontenac will own the domain of Palluau throughout the seventeenth century, since it will be sold in 1700, two years after the death of the last of the Frontenac. The memory of various representatives of this family left their lasting imprint in the history of Palluau.
The first of them is Antoine de Buade, descendant of an old family from Guyenne. Born in the mid-sixteenth century, he was very young placed by his father in the service of Henry of Navarre, the future king of France under the name of Henry IV, and beared the title "Gentleman of the House." In this position, Antoine de Buade winded the friendship of Henry of Navarre and the following even in his love affairs as evidenced by an author time:« Le roy mesme, pour aller à l'amour, accompagné de Frontenac seul, estant tous deux desguisez de cappes de bearn blanches... ».
His master having married him with Anne de Secondat, in 1583, Antoine extended into a successful career, always marked by royal favor. In 1594 he was appointed captain of the castles of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, St. James and La Muette, then he was challenged to negotiate the marriage of Henry IV, "graying," with Marie de Medicis. His talents earned him then being sent to diplomatic missions in Tuscany. In 1605, it is « premier maître d'hôtel de la reine » and « maître particulier des eaux et forêts de Laye ».
The acquisition of Palluau in 1606 confirmed the success of Antoine de Buade de Frontenac, but the honors did not stop as long to build up: in 1607, the fief of Palluau was erected into a barony, and in 1619, Antoine de Buade was appointed knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit (consisting of only about 100 members appointed by the king, among the nobles at least three generations of fathers, already knights of St. Michael). Antoine had the honor to enclose the double collar coat of arms of the Holy Spirit and Saint-Michel, as it can be seen carved on the crest of the chimney of the hall. Finally, in 1622, the barony of Palluau, by letters patent of Louis XIII, was made a county. Four years later, Antoine de Buade de Frontenac off, laden with glory and honor.
But this prestigious career had its setbacks. Thus, the daughter of Antoine, Jeanne, who had been placed in a convent, was the subject of a huge scandal: listen to a chronicler of the time: "Madame de Frontenac, religieuse à Poissy, non contente de faire l'amour, s'avisa de danser un ballet avec cinq autres religieuses et leurs six galans. Ils allèrent à Saint-Germain où le Roy estoit". The sending of these nuns in exile unusual settled the question. More seriously, the heir to the field, Henry was killed in 1622 during a military campaign, at the age of twenty-eight years. His heart, taken by a surgeon and sealed in a lead box, was buried in the church of Palluau, his epitaph read yet there is little time:
CELUY QUI GIST EN CE TOMBEAU FUNESTE
POUR LE SERVICE DE SON ROY COMBATTANT
FUT D'UN COUP DE MOUSQUET BLESSE SI ASPREMENT
QUE TROIS JOURS APRES LA MORT FUT DE SON RESTE
SON NOM C'ESTOIT HENRY SON SUR NOM DE BUADE
LA VILLE OU IL FUST TUE C'ESTOIT SAINCT ANTHONIN
LOUIS TREIZIEME REGNANT QUI D'UN BRAVE COURAGE
PRESSOIT LE CALVINISME A LUY TENDRE LA MAIN
IL ESTOIT EN SON VIVANT PREMIER MAITRE D'HOSTEL
MAISTRE DE CAMP AUSSY DES TROUPES DE NAVARRE
IL A CESSE GUERRES IL EST PRES DE L'ETERNEL
ETANT HEUREUX EXEMPT DE L'HUMAIN TINTAMARRE
Henry had married Anne de Buade Phelypeaux in 1613. In 1624, the young widow moved to Palluau where she takes care of his father-in and direct the affairs of the estate. Manager advised, it is also an educated woman and a friend of the arts.
More importantly, she made important work in the castle, which after his death in 1633, will be continued by the guardians of his son Louis. A Saint-Germain-en-Laye, where Henri de Buade had assisted his father in the office of captain and master of Water Affairs and Forestry, the castle had been rebuilt by the famous architect Androuet the hoop, so it is of the advice and models of it that Anne Phelypeaux built two corner pavilions at the ends with round towers on the north side of the courtyard and a gallery no longer exists in the West. It also brings together a team of painters to decorate the chapel with frescoes depicting the life of the Virgin and the Passion of Christ. One of these painters is charged in addition to decorate the room of the dungeon, he will complete this work in 1634, a year after the death of Anne Phelypeaux.
On the death of his mother, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, the new Earl of Palluau is a teenager and a tutorship council manages its fields. In 1637, he embraced a military career in Holland and participated in the battles of the Thirty Years War. He fought in Artois in 1640, in Catalonia in 1641 and Italy in 1646: that's where he lost the use of his right arm shattered by a bullet. Soon after, he meets and woos a girl very beautiful and very rich family: Anne de la Grange, daughter of a king's counselor and teacher accountability. Despite opposition from the family of the Grange, their wedding was celebrated quietly in 1648.
These two dissimilar characters separately will lead full lives. Louis continued his military career that took him around the world, but with interludes devoted either to Mars, but Venus: thus in 1657, he has an affair with the beautiful Francesca Mortemart; it these, ten years later, become the favorite of Louis XIV in his name most famous Marquise de Montespan. The scoffers then spread to the court a little sassy couplet
JE SUIS RAVI QUE LE ROY NOTRE SIRE
AIME LA MONTESPAN
MOI, FRONTENAC, JE ME CREVE DE RIRE
SACHANT CE QUI LUI PEND
ET JE DIRAI SANS ETRE DES PLUS LESTES :
TU N'AS QUE MES RESTES, ROI !
TU N'AS QUE MES RESTES !
In 1661 and until 1669, Louis de Buade is going to make war against the Turks, especially in Crete, on behalf of the Serenissima Republic of Venice. Finally, in 1672, it is the culmination of his career by being named Governor and Lieutenant General of New France (Canada). It will exercise this function by two successive governments: the first from 1672 to 1682, the second from 1689 until his death in 1698. It is primarily for this reason that posterity has remembered his name as Louis de Buade was an excellent governor who was able to organize the pacification of the Iroquois, to develop successful commercial networks, contain the influence of the Jesuits in Canada, and especially difficult for Canadians switch in English sympathies. Thanks to him and his companions also like Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin, from Villebernin and map of New France, links have been created and maintained between the valley of the Indre and the French-speaking Canada.
While her husband makes war far away, the Countess Anne, the "Belle Frontenac", shares the tumultuous life of her friend the Duchess of Montpensier, daughter of Henri IV and niece of Louis XIII, whose history has retained the nickname "La Grande Mademoiselle". Anne has been linked with her in 1648 and shares his adventures. It is indeed the time of the Fronde, against Cardinal Mazarin, a man of confidence of the regent Anne of Austria, the "Grande Mademoiselle" is the soul of the conspiracy and the muse of "rebellious": it will, in 1652, up to fire the guns of the Bastille in the regular troops of the cardinal. Anne de Frontenac taste the pleasures thus alternating the conspiracy and fighting, and it participates in the siege of Orleans (1652) with her friend the Countess of Fiesque behind the impetuous Miss.
That same year, Anne de Frontenac is presented to the young Louis XIV, who was fourteen, which ignites at once for the beautiful Countess. This is the first passionate love of the Sun King, prelude to a busy career from this point of view.
In 1658, fell out with Miss Anne and went flying on his own in the circles of fashion: she becomes friends with the Marquise de Sevigne, and Françoise d'Aubigné, wife of the poet Scarron, and, in general, with all women for the time, including Molière brush in 1659 a cruel portrait in "Les Précieuses Ridicules" in the salons, it is known by a nickname flattering, "La Divine". In old age, she settles down and runs a peaceful old age from a few faithful friends, in 1707, she died in her modest home in Paris, away from the pomp of the court.
Anne and Louis de Frontenac will not have lived in Palluau: they preferred for their stay in the region, their castle near the Isle Savary. Their only son, Francois-Louis, who disappeared twenty-one years in 1672, the area of ??Palluau, a high maintenance, are available for sale in 1700.