PALLUAU DURING THE MIDDLE-AGE
We know very little about the history of the region before the year one thousand. Legend has it that the Romans had built in the early first century a "castrum" they appellèrent "Palludellum," which became Palludello (the country of the marshes), to name Palluau Middle Ages.
One episode, however, left a memory in the old chronicles the arrival of the Normans in 902. The fearsome reputation as formidable dragged these bands was not spoofed, barely arrived, they plundered and ruined the abbey of Saint-Genou (founded 828), occupied the country they put in cross set for thirty-five years the time a man's life at that time! It was not until 937 that they were decisively defeated and driven back beyond the Loire.
Therefore, the region will undertake its reorganization. Local lords settled quickly on the board which is a real lock, indeed, a very important road, running north-south, passed at the foot of the hill along the valley was an ancient Roman road The "via strata" of Orleans at Poitiers, whose name survives in the suburb of Palluau called Estrées. Additionally, the height of Palluau marked the limit South of the County of Anjou wide. No wonder, then, that the site was soon heavily fortified.
In 1073 appears the first written mention of the castle. A charter says in effect a transaction between the Rechin Coots (the quarrelsome), Count of Anjou, and Bartholomew, Abbot of Marmoutier in the presence of Jean de Palluau. This text archives shows that construction of the fortress was ordered by Fulk himself, who granted a fief to his vassal Jean, Baron of his court. From this date, the lordship of Palluau is transmitted in the family of the same name acts of the time give us the names of the successive lords: Jean Archimbaud, Ganelon, Geoffroy, Giraud, Seneschal of Chateauroux, and finally Ganelon II Agathe, the last heir to the lineage.
This married in 1160 Archambaud III, seigneur d'Argy, and the feud going on in the hands of this family: Raoul, the son of Archambaud III is followed by his two son, Archambaud IV, died childless, and William V. The latter's son, Archambaud V, passes the estate to his daughter Philippa, wife of Raoul de Prunget, an act of 1276 is marked both their names and cites as lords of Palluau.
At the end of the twelfth century, the kingdom of France saw dramatic hours. Philip Augustus, King of France and Richard the Lion Heart, King of England and grand-son of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, engaged a war without thank you that the issue is the possession of the traditional strongholds of Plantagenet in France . Palluau name will now be part of the history of France.
The year 1188 saw the armies of Philip Augustus occupy Touraine and Berry, with some fighting and no seats. All the strongholds of the region are well invested; Palluau Castle is no exception to the rule. Richard the Lion Heart, back of Aquitaine, took over the lower valley of the Indre and after a few skirmishes, the fortress of Palluau which was guarded only by a small garrison.
In October of that year, Philip Augustus returned to the head of his troops and laid siege to Palluau. Tradition has preserved the memory of cunning that would have allowed the fall of the fortress, the attackers entering the old quarries of limestone that extend below the plateau, have formed an opening in the ear of the well inside the castle, condemning and the defenders to surrender or die of thirst. The place is delivered to the royal troops and Philip Augustus, according to old chronicles, floated its banner atop the highest tower of the castle
Two centuries later, Palluau saw a turbulent period, that of the Hundred Years War. At that time the manor belongs to the family Tranchelion since the marriage, in 1365, Jeanne Pean (or Payen), the last heiress of the fief, with Hugues de Tranchelion. In 1356, King John the Good was captured, the English took possession of several forts, including that of Palluau, they will keep until 1360, but they will not leave the premises without having dismantled the castle.
So to Hugues de Tranchelion or its successor William's responsibility to restore the old house. It laid the foundations of the fortress whose silhouette current view of the city will not change much when more, based on best French military achievements of the time: one of the main models is the castle of Saumur, built in 1st 1367 by Louis d'Anjou, and then spent confined to Jean de Berry, the lavish patron of the "Tres Riches Heures".
The Tranchelion live and the late Middle Ages a fortress freshly rebuilt.
Around 1500, Louis XII King of France and his wife, the Duchess Anne of Brittany, is readily extended stays at the castle of Loches, where she particularly likes. The Lord of Palluau, Charles de Tranchelion, is a man more concerned with comfort and beauty that defense. He is the very elegant manor chapel of the Church of St. Menehould, whose rich tile bears his name in Gothic letters and the date: 1503. At the same time, Charles de Tranchelion to Modernize his home. Anne of Brittany was able to impose requirements for construction sites of the royal court (Blois, Chaumont, etc..) Teams contractors and workers from Brittany, the most qualified of the time. The Tranchelion, attending the court of Queen when it is in Loches, will follow this fashion. Most of the work focuses on residential buildings and two new dwellings are high. The East, which gatehouse, replaces original gatehouse, and the other in the South, the main building, distributed under the habits of the time, and rises above the village between the tower and the tower of St. -Manoulde.
In the first, Charles de Tranchelion commissioned a delightful little chapel, where he will face one of the greatest joys of his life when his wife, just completed, will give birth to a boy . In his naive pride, Charles severe then in the limestone wall of the oratory, the inscription reads today:
LE : IOVR : DE : S : IOHAN
DE: MAY:NAQVI: LESNE
DE MOI: PALLVAV: 1511
("The day of St. John in May, was born the eldest of me. Palluau, 1511").
Unfortunately, this happiness is short lived because the eldest son does not live, and in 1537, the family of Tranchelion no longer represented by a woman, Charlotte. Indeed, Charles de Tranchelion had a younger brother, Antoine, who had entered the command: Abbot of Saint-Genou, he was the friend of Rabelais who cites as one of the finest scholars of the time in art of empty bottles. Without doubt he had pondered the advice of his illustrious friend "Beuve always before you're thirsty and you never will happen ... ".
With Charles and Anthony, the name of Charlotte Tranchelion off and bequeathed the manor of Palluau BRACHET to Claude, who will forward it to his son, also named Claude. This was the period of religious wars and the region of Palluau knows the devastation, especially in the difficult years of 1560, 1574 and 1582, the castle, said to be facing some serious skirmishes and suffer significant damage . There is also the special character of Claudius II Brachet This man, who is remembered as a squire without too many scruples, is quickly overwhelmed with debt. So can we leave the field to his son, Gilles, and February 25, 1606, the castle and lordship of Palluau sold eighty-four thousand books Antoine Buade de Frontenac.
They will mark their borrowing village life throughout the seventeenth century. Especially Louis de Buade de Frontenac was appointed Governor and Lieutenant General of New France (Canada). It is for this reason that posterity has remembered his name because he was an excellent governor who was able to organize the pacification of the Iroquois, to develop successful commercial networks, contain the influence of the Jesuits in Canada, and especially prevent Canadians from falling into English sympathies. Thanks to him and his companions also like Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin, from Villebernin and map of New France, links have been created and maintained between the valley of the Indre and the French-speaking Canada.
In 1688, the king's surveyor and cartographer Jean-Baptiste-Louis Franquelin present this card to the French authorities.
It then responds to a request from the court wanting to know "the boundaries between New France and New England."
Illustration: National Archives of Canada.
FROM THE XVIIIe CENTURY UNTILL TODAY
The next owner is a person of considerable Palluau: Paul Beauvillier is a peer of France, Grandee of Spain, Duke of Saint-Aignan and count of Buzancais. Protection of Madame de Maintenon, he served on the Board of Finance and the Council on High with the rank of Minister of State. His duties kept him in Paris, it is not the only Palluau and memories are there left his coat of arms painted in fresco in the chapel of the stately church of St. Menehould. When he died in 1714, the manor passed to his son Hippolyte (1684-1776), which yields the field to René François Montbel in 1770.
When the revolution broke out, Montbel takes the path of emigration and the castle, requisitioned, is in prison. Suspects are confined, especially in the small room of the dungeon: graffiti, dating from 1794, now mark their passage, we can read the initials, together with crosses on plinths carved into the tufa.
In 1796, a Royalist uprising agitates the country, led by a gentleman named Duprat called General Fauconnet. This movement, known as the "Vendée Palluau," begins with masses and clandestine meetings which exerted an intense propaganda. Three months are enough to form an armed band of two hundred men that grows up quickly understand six hundred insurgents. Operations begin: take Clion, Pellevoisin, Saint-Medard. The royalists then Palluau proclaim the abolition of the Republic and the accession of Louis XVIII, and coups continue: Ecueillé Preaux and fell to the "white". Finally, the decision is a major operation: making Buzancais. But on the road, at a place called the "Red Ascent," a Republican party is ambushed, consisting of a platoon of cavalry supported by infantry. The clash is severe: the rebels, cut to pieces, leaving sixty dead and forty prisoners. This episode is now called the "Day of Clogs' recall of shoes abandoned by the fugitives on the battlefield.
At the Restoration, Louis Joseph de Montbel, Earl of Palluau, becoming the first gentleman of Charles X and member of the Indre. The field then returned to his daughter Aline, married to George Camille de Velarde. Their son Bruno Marie Velarde takes to turn the castle, in very bad condition. He then undertook the restoration of the house, enlarging windows, repairing chimneys, the attic from the Gothic windows and creating a side entrance of the park, redesigned in English. Successive heirs continue his work and a final installment of restoration was undertaken in 1910, interrupted by the war, the work does not end until 1920.
After the 1939-1945 war, the castle was sold and has several masters: Pierre d'Alencon, and then the famous fashion designer Paco Rabanne perfume and Jean Capy, from an old family in the North.
In 1987, City Council voted unanimously the purchase of the castle but the advice is not followed by the mayor of the town.
From 1990 to 2009, the castle was owned by an SCI, with a British manager, who led the work on critical dependencies and roofs.
The Castle is currently owned by Mr Jean-Roger Morvan, who has reopened to the public